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CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT OF NEW MUNICIPALITIES
Nepal’s new constitution assigns a wide range of powers and functions to local governments. Local level restructuring has determined 460 rural municipalities and 293 municipalities. Successfully led local elections have re-established mandated political leadership at the local level. With this legitimacy, local leadership’s responsibility is to operate the local government and implement territorial reform.
1. National level coordination on capacity development measures
Key actors with nationwide responsibility for the implementation of national reforms are supported in their efforts. Capacities at the system level are strengthened for cross-sectoral cooperation and networking among key actors through expert and process consultations at hantional level coordination platforms consisting of relevant government ministries such as Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration (MOFAGA), Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN),Town Development Fund (TDF), and Urban Development Training Center (UDTC).
2. Models for citizen and service oriented administrative structures
Adhering to the principle of “leave no one behind”, municipalitiesa are supported as they develop organizational structures that dispense basic services. Particular focus is on improving access, especially for women, poor, and members of disadvantaged groups. As new functions are to be undertaken by local governments, personnel and organizational capacities at municipalities and change requirements are analyzed with partner municipalities in systematic exchange with local communities. Participatory audits such as social audits identify disadvantaged groups and their needs. On this basis, new and innovative approaches for service delivery are designed and tested.
3. Capacity development for improved municipal services
Municipalities are supported as they prepare and disseminate concepts for improvement of selected municipal services in priority areas of German Development Cooperation in Nepal such as health, renewable energy, economic development, and disaster management. Ensuring adequate citizen participation, needs are analyzed and specific services in priority areas are selected for improvement. Service modules are shared between partners and surrounding municipalities through peer learning activities. The Municipalities Association of Nepal (MuAN) is an important partner in the implementation of peer learning through its 9 Provincial Municipal Learning Centers (PMLCs) in 7 new provinces of the country.