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Municipalities Network Advocacy on Sanitation in south Asia - Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)

Project Info:

 Of the three major work scope of MuAN, one is advocacy and lobbying. In line to this working scope “Municipalities Network Advocacy on Sanitation in south Asia “ is newly agreed project that MuAN is implementating in sector of urban sanitation with technical collaboration of ENPHO.  The Executing Agency of this project is United Cities and Local Governments Asia pacific (UCLG ASPAC), Jakarta Indonesia in Financial Support of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF). This project is designed for the period of 16 March 2018 – 31 October 2020 as a pilot project for 5 municipalities each in Nepal and Bangladesh. The Project launching as well as MoU signing was completed in 16 March 2018 on the occasion of silver jubilee celebration of MuAN in Kathmandu with participation of more than 80 Mayors and Deputy Mayors, ministries, urban stakeholders, Municipal Association of Bangladesh (MAB) representatives and UCLG ASPAC. The programme was inaugurated by Finance Minister of Nepal and Chief Minister of Province no -3 along with Member of Parliament and MuAN Coordinator. 


The main Goal of this Project is:


Municipalities and Municipal Associations have strengthened capacity to contribute in designing and implementing robust and effective policies and in developing sustainable financing strategies on sanitation, particularly on Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) and Non-Sewered Sanitation (NSS).


The main objectives of this project are:


  1. To strengthen capacity of Municipal Association of Nepal (MuAN) in implementing national policy and strategy on sanitation, with a focus on Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) and Non-Sewered Sanitation (NSS) system in line with SDG 6.
  2. To contribute in improving the urban sanitation policy framework and guideline through collaboration with relevant ministries and stakeholders.
  3. To implement the sanitation plans in 5 model cities/municipalities in Nepal focusing on Faecal Sludge Management policies, institutional, financial and regulatory framework.
  4. To develop and improve the accessibility on financial options through different funding mechanisms such as Public-Private Partnerships, cooperation with banks and development agencies and community.


Project Activities

To meet the specified objectives following activities are outlined for next three year:


  1. Institutionalization of sanitation policy framework in Nepal within Municipal Associations of Nepal.
  • To conduct the launching of the project and campaign on sanitation;
  • To establish the Policy Advocacy Unit in MuAN;
  • To identify sanitation champion within the Board of MuAN;
  • To adopt the Sanitation Policy Framework and plan of implementation;
  • To conduct training and capacity building for committed members of MuAN.


  1. Strengthened cooperation and collaboration with relevant ministries and stakeholders and improved policies at national level.
  • To set up the National Urban Sanitation Task Force to be coordinated by MuAN;
  • To conduct regular coordination meetings every 3 month.


  1. Model cities/municipalities on Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) and Non-Sewered Sanitation (NSS).
  • To set up criteria of selection of model cities/municipalities;
  • To develop guidelines and action plan and implement Faecal Sludge Management policies and strategies in 5 model cities/municipalities in Nepal;
  • To set up sanitation database for SOM (Sanitation, Operational, Maintenance);
  • To conduct campaign on sanitation for behaviour change;
  • To set up Task Force on municipality level in each of 5 municipalities;
  • To produce the Municipal Sanitation Resolution, Regulation by Law and Act.


  1. Financial options on sanitation.
  • To develop financial options on sanitation and implement the business model in cooperation with different stakeholders.


Project Outputs

The project is in very early phase of its implementation. In its three year of project implementations following outputs are expected to generate in line to project objectives:


1.1.           Establishment of Policy Advocacy Unit in Municipal Association of Nepal.

1.2.           Identified sanitation champions of mayors within the Board of Municipal Association of Nepal.

1.3. Adoption of Sanitation Policy Framework and plan of implementation.


2.1. Strengthen cooperation with Ministries and relevant stakeholders.

2.2. Establishment of national urban sanitation task force in Nepal which will be coordinated by Municipal Association of Nepal.

2.3. Consolidated sanitation policies and plans for implementation.

3.1. Sensitized 5 model cities/municipalities in Nepal on institutional and regulatory framework.

3.2. Implementation of sanitation plans and business model for financing.

3.3. Regulated Faecal Sludge Management in 5 model cities/municipalities.

3.4. Establishment of municipal sanitation coordination committee/task force


4.1. Development and implementation of financing strategies including business model of Faecal Sludge Management.

4.2. Municipal budget allocation on Faecal Sludge Management with annual increase. Cities are to ensure allocation of at least 25% fund in Faecal Sludge Managment under infrastructure projects of development bank and development partners

4.3. Development and implementation of Business on SOM (Sanitation, Operational and Maintenance) and Faecal Sludge Management.